Quick Answer: Which Of The Following Has Maximum Freezing Point?

Which element does not freeze?

There are a few more that are a little less familiar: fluorine, chlorine, krypton, xenon and radon.

Two elements are liquid at standard temperature and pressure: mercury and bromine.

All the other elements are solid under standard conditions, which means their freezing point is above 0 degrees Celsius..

Why is freezing point depression a Colligative property quizlet?

Why is freezing-point depression a colligative property? a. It is inversely proportional to the number of particles in a solution. … It depends on the properties of an electrolyte in a solvent.

Is freezing point depression a Colligative property?

Colligative properties of solutions are properties that depend upon the concentration of solute molecules or ions, but not upon the identity of the solute. Colligative properties include vapor pressure lowering, boiling point elevation, freezing point depression, and osmotic pressure.

Which of the following aqueous solutions has the highest?

Option (ii) 1.0 M Na2SO4 is correct because its molecular mass is highest among all that’s why its boiling point will be highest among four. solution should have the highest boiling point. So, the correct option is (ii).

Is freezing point depression negative?

Kf is called the freezing point depression constant or cryoscopic constant. Sometimes this formula doesn’t have the negative sign and you simply need to remember that freezing point goes down.

Which of the following has maximum depression in freezing point?

Depression in the freezing point is a colligative property, so it depends upon the number of particles. Among, potassium chloride(KCl), sodium sulphate (Na2SO4), magnesium sulphate(MgSO4) and magnesium carbonate (MgCO3),Na2SO4 produces maximum number of particles.

Which has lowest freezing point?

so the highest concentration of particles will give us the lowest freezing. point. so calcium chloride would have the lowest freezing. point followed by magnesium bromide followed by the hydrochloric acid.

Which aqueous solution has maximum freezing point?

We can see that lowest depression in freezing point is of 0.005M C2H5OH as it has least effective particle concentration. Since it has least depression, it has maximum freezing point. ◾️So, the correct answer is option (b).

What is the I in freezing point depression?

ΔTF, the freezing-point depression, is defined as TF (pure solvent) − TF (solution). … b is the molality (moles solute per kilogram of solvent) i is the van ‘t Hoff factor (number of ion particles per individual molecule of solute, e.g. i = 2 for NaCl, 3 for BaCl2).

Which of the following aqueous solution will have highest depression in freezing point?

Since, lowest depression is observed for solution containing urea, hence it will have highest freezing point.

Which of the following has maximum freezing point is?

4) 0.5M NaL(aq) Pure water has the maximum freezing point. The addition of non-volatile solute such as NaCl decreases the freezing point of water. So, NaCl solutions will have lower freezing points than pure water.

How do you find freezing point?

The freezing point depression ∆T = KF. m where KF is the molal freezing point depression constant and m is the molality of the solute. Rearrangement gives: mol solute = (m) x (kg solvent) where kg of solvent is the mass of the solvent (lauric acid) in the mixture. This gives the moles of the solute.

What is melting point and boiling point?

The main difference between boiling point and melting point is that the melting point is defined as the temperature at which solid and liquid phases are in equilibrium, whereas the boiling point is the temperature at which the vapour pressure of a liquid is equal to the external pressure.

Why does solute lower freezing point?

The presence of a solute lowers the freezing point of any solvent; this effect is called freezing-point depression. … The introduction of a solute reduces the activity of the liquid phase solvent, thereby reducing the rate of freezing.

What increases freezing point?

Freezing point. … Freezing point, temperature at which a liquid becomes a solid. As with the melting point, increased pressure usually raises the freezing point. The freezing point is lower than the melting point in the case of mixtures and for certain organic compounds such as fats.

How do you know what has the highest freezing point?

Molecules with stronger intermolecular forces are pulled together tightly to form a solid at higher temperatures, so their freezing point is higher. Molecules with lower intermolecular forces will not solidify until the temperature is lowered further.

Which of the following aqueous solution has minimum freezing point?

0.01 molal NaCl solution have minimum freezing point because its molality is more and it given two ions after dissociation of one molecule.

Which element has the highest freezing point?

For most substances, melting and freezing points are approximately equal. For example, the melting point and freezing point of mercury is 234.32 Kelvin (−38.83 °C or −37.89 °F)….Examples.hideList of common chemicalsChemicalTungstenDensity (gcm3)19.25Melt ( K)3695Boil ( K)582833 more columns